December 19, 2014
2014 Tax Extenders
On December 19, 2014, President Obama signed into law the
Prevention Act of 2014 (Division A of H.R. 5771) extending many tax provisions that had
expired at the end of 2013.
- The extensions are only through the end of 2014. Many of the extended provisions were enacted
as "temporary" measures several years ago and have been renewed on multiple occasions.
- The 10-year cost estimate by the Joint Committee on Taxation
is $41.6 billion. Specifically, the Act will reduce
2015 federal revenues by $81.4 billion, but that loss will be offset over the following nine years by
revenue gains of $39.8 billion. Bonus depreciation alone will reduce federal revenue by $45 billion in the
first year but reverses over the following nine years so that the overall net cost is stated as $1.2 billion.
- The five costliest provisions are $7.6 billion for R&D credits, $6.4 billion for renewable energy production
credits, $5.1 billion for the subpart F exception for active financing income, $3.1 billion for the
exclusion from cancellation of indebtedness income for principal residences and $3.1 billion for
the personal deduction for state and local sales tax.
- Among other items being extended are the 100 percent exclusion for qualified small business stock, the reduction in
the S corporation recognition period for built-in gains and the controlled foreign corporation look-through rule.
- The Act results from a hastily negotiated compromise in the wake of President Obama's threat to veto a
$450 billion package that would have made several business tax breaks permanent. The President was concerned
that those permanent provisions would crowd out the earned income tax credit and the child care credit,
which would have remained temporary.
For further information please contact
James T. Chudy (New York) or
Brian Wainwright (Palo Alto).
Quick Takes contain short summaries and highlights of
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